Programming for the Web: Front-End, Back-End, and Full-Stack Development
Building apps and other interactive web-based experiences has become increasingly complex as modern web development includes a variety of programming languages, frameworks, and tools. As a result, developers have been categorized into three levels of expertise: front-end, back-end, and full-stack.
Back-end development focuses on creating the server-side layer of a web application, managing the application’s databases, and ensuring secure connections between the web application, the server, and the client. Back-end developers specialize in programming languages such as PHP, Python, Ruby, Java, and .Net to create server-side scripts, as well as additional technologies such as APIs, web services, and SQL.
Web development requires knowledge of both front-end and back-end programming, as well as full-stack development when creating end-to-end solutions. Choosing the correct combination of technologies depends on the development project and the type of application that is being built. Regardless of the roles played, each type of web developer contributes to creating successful, secure applications.